Your Questions About Windows Server Configuration Standards

Charles asks…

Bonjour for Windows Computer..?

Please explain what it is, and what it does? Thank you.

Martin King answers:

Bonjour is Apple's implementation of the Zero Configuration Networking Standard. Bonjour for Windows includes a System Service that helps applications discover shared services on the local network, printer discovery wizard, and IE plug-in for discovering local Web servers.

Q. Why do I have Bonjour on my Windows system? If you didn't install Bonjour for Windows manually, the most likely reason is that it was installed by an application that relies on Bonjour functionality. For example: * iTunes uses Bonjour to find shared music libraries, to find AirPort Express devices for streaming music to, and to find Apple TVs. * Safari uses Bonjour to find devices advertising web pages on your network. Many of today's network printers, network cameras, and wireless gateways provide a web interface for status and configuration, and many of these devices (especially network printers) now advertise those web pages using Bonjour, to make them easily discoverable in Safari. * Internet Explorer, via the Bonjour toolbar plugin, also provides easy discovery of Bonjour-advertised web pages. * The Bonjour Printer Setup Wizard uses Bonjour to discover and set up Bonjour-advertised network printers. * Adobe's Creative Suite 3 applications use Bonjour to discover digital asset management services. Note: Disabling the Bonjour System Service may limit the functionality of programs that use Bonjour.

Daniel asks…

File download with windows?

I am trying to d/l videos and I can only d/l 2 files at a time. Where can I change settings on this. I don't want to add on software, I want to use the d/l tool that comes with Windows XP. Thanks.

Martin King answers:

To comply with current Internet standards, Internet Explorer limits the number of simultaneous downloads to two downloads, plus one queued download. This configuration is a function of the browser. However, as connection speeds increase, and the number of total connections that are allowed to Internet servers increase, the two-connection limit may be restrictive.

Please Note: Changing the maximum number of connections beyond two is a violation of Internet standards; use at your own risk! To increase the number of simultaneous connections that are allowed, follow these steps: Start the Registry Editor Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER Software Microsoft Windows CurrentVersion Internet Settings Select New > DWORD Value from the Edit menu Name the new value MaxConnectionsPer1_0Server Right-click the MaxConnectionsPer1_0Server value and choose Modify Under Base, click the radio button next to Decimal In the Value Data: box enter the number of simultaneous connections you want to set (for example 10 is a good value), and click OK Repeat steps 3 - 7 using the new value MaxConnectionsPerServer Exit the registry editor

Chris asks…

What Microsoft Server 2008 should I use?

Ok this is what I want to do. I want to be able to host my own web site, host games, backup my data, and be able to access my data from any where. I believe I need Microsoft Server 2008 Standard, but I'm not sure. I can build the system myself, but I have never worked with Windows Server so I'm not sure on what to get.

Martin King answers:

Windows Server 2008 is the most recent release of Microsoft Windows' server line of operating systems. Released to manufacturing on 4 February 2008 and officially released on 27 February 2008, it is the successor to Windows Server 2003, released nearly five years earlier. Like Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008 is built on the Windows NT 6.0 kernel. A second release, named Windows Server 2008 R2, is currently under development. Windows Server 2008 is built from the same code base as Windows Vista; therefore, it shares much of the same architecture and functionality. Since the code base is common, it automatically comes with most of the technical, security, management and administrative features new to Windows Vista such as the rewritten networking stack (native IPv6, native wireless, speed and security improvements); improved image-based installation, deployment and recovery; improved diagnostics, monitoring, event logging and reporting tools; new security features such as BitLocker and ASLR; improved Windows Firewall with secure default configuration; .NET Framework 3.0 technologies, specifically Windows Communication Foundation, Microsoft Message Queuing and Windows Workflow Foundation; and the core kernel, memory and file system improvements. Processors and memory devices are modelled as Plug and Play devices, to allow hot-plugging of these devices. This allows the system resources to be partitioned dynamically using Dynamic Hardware Partitioning; each partition having its own memory, processor and I/O host bridge devices independent of other partitions.[5] Cathy

Paul asks…



Martin King answers:

Hey, The Domain Name System (DNS) is a standard technology for managing the names of Web sites and other Internet domains. DNS technology allows you to type names into your Web browser like and your computer to automatically find that address on the Internet. A key element of the DNS is a worldwide collection of DNS servers. What, then, is a DNS server? Answer: A DNS server is any computer registered to join the Domain Name System. A DNS server runs special-purpose networking software, features a public IP address, and contains a database of network names and addresses for other Internet hosts. DNS Root Servers DNS servers communicate with each other using private network protocols. All DNS servers are organized in a hierarchy. At the top level of the hierarchy, so-called root servers store the complete database of Internet domain names and their corresponding IP addresses. The Internet employs 13 root servers that have become somewhat famous for their special role. Maintained by various independent agencies, the servers are aptly named A, B, C and so on up to M. Ten of these servers reside in the United States, one in Japan, one in London, UK and one in Stockholm, Sweden. DNS Server Hierarchy The DNS is a distributed system, meaning that only the 13 root servers contain the complete database of domain names and IP addresses. All other DNS servers are installed at lower levels of the hierarchy and maintain only certain pieces of the overall database.

Most lower level DNS servers are owned by businesses or Internet Service Providers (ISPs). For example, Google maintains various DNS servers around the world that manage the,, and other domains. Your ISP also maintains DNS servers as part of your Internet connection setup. DNS networking is based on the client / server architecture. Your Web browser functions as a DNS client (also called DNS resolver) and issues requests to your Internet provider's DNS servers when navigating between Web sites. When a DNS server receives a request not in its database (such as a geographically far away or rarely visited Web site), it temporarily transforms from a server to a DNS client. The server automatically passes that request to another DNS server or up to the next higher level in the DNS hierarchy as needed. Eventually the request arrives at a server that has the matching name and IP address in its database (all the way to the root level if necessary), and the response flows back through the chain of DNS servers to your client. DNS Servers and Home Networking Computers on your home network locate a DNS server through the Internet connection setup properties. Providers give their customers the public IP address(es) of primary and backup DNS servers. You can find the current IP addresses of your DNS server configuration via several methods: * on the configuration screens of a home network router * on the TCP/IP connection properties screens in Windows Control Panel (if configured via that method) * from ipconfig or similar command line utility Feel free to contact me on yahoo anytime, I am online 24*7.Even if it says that I am offline, I am online and you can message me on yahoo messenger too

David asks…

Windows 2000 and windows2003 diffrencess.??

Can anybody knows total diffrencess of win2k and win2k3 please send a file.

Martin King answers:

Top 10 Reasons Why to Upgrade from Windows 2000 Server to Windows Server 2003 R2

Windows Server 2003 R2 builds upon the increased security, reliability, and performance provided by Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1) to provide a more secure and dependable platform on which to deliver business-critical applications and Web services. At the same time, Windows Server 2003 R2 is easier to manage and integrate into existing environments. This page describes the major new features and improvements included in Windows Server 2003 R2. Centralize user authentication and authorization Introduced in Windows 2000, the Active Directory directory service simplifies the administration of complex network directories and makes it easy to locate resources on even the largest networks. This enterprise-class service is scalable, is built on Internet-standard technologies, and integrates with the Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter editions of Windows Server 2003 R2. Windows Server 2003 R2 provides numerous ease-of-use improvements to Active Directory and new features, including cross-forest trusts, the ability to rename domains, and the ability to deactivate attributes and classes in the schema so that their definitions can be changed. Simplify end user policy management Administrators can use Group Policy to define the settings and allowed actions for your users and computers. In contrast with local policy, organizations can use Group Policy to set policies that apply across a given site, domain, or organizational unit in Active Directory. Policy-based management simplifies such tasks as system update operation, application installation, user profiles, and lockdown of desktops. As an add-in component to Windows Server 2003, the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) provides the new framework for managing Group Policy. With GPMC, Group Policy becomes much easier to use, a benefit that will enable more organizations to better utilize Active Directory and take advantage of its powerful management features. Streamline access to external or security-enhanced domains Use Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) to streamline business-to-business (B2B) communications. ADFS extends the value of Active Directory deployments to facilitate collaboration with partners, resulting in increased user productivity, greater information technology (IT) efficiency, and improved security—and, thus, a greater return on investments made in software. Schedule point-in-time critical data copies As part of Volume Shadow Copy service, you can configure point-in-time copies of critical data volumes without interrupting service. These copies can then be used for service restoration or archival purposes. Your users can retrieve archived versions of their documents that are invisibly maintained on the server. Deliver more secure and scalable Web application servers Enhancements in Windows SharePoint Services, Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0, Windows Server 2003 R2 x64, and Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 can help you deliver more secure and scalable Web applications, extend business infrastructure over the Web, and control costs. Windows SharePoint Services delivers a cost-effective collaboration solution that can be deployed, configured, and managed quickly. It is easily extended to the extranet using ADFS to enable efficient collaboration with partners and customers across organizational boundaries. ASP.NET enables fast development of rich, DSI-ready (Dynamic Systems Initiative) Web services and applications using the .NET Framework included in Windows Server 2003 R2. Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 simplifies and accelerates configuration, deployment, and management of more secure, scalable Web applications. IIS 6.0 delivers a security-enhanced, high-performance Web server that is significantly enhanced by technology offered in Windows Server R2. The highest possible security is ensured by a built-in security advisor. Downtime and errors are greatly reduced with improved debugging capabilities. Finally, x64 supportability allows IIS to deliver more performance for less money. Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 is a full-featured Web server that enables Web applications and XML Web services. IIS 6.0 has been completely re-architected with a new fault-tolerant process model that greatly boosts the reliability of Web sites and applications. Optimize branch office infrastructure Windows Server 2003 R2 provides the underlying technologies needed to simplify integration of branch office servers into a larger enterprise IT ecosystem and still provide reliable and consistent access to data for your users. Performance, availability, and productivity—benefits usually associated with a local branch office server—are strengthened, and environmental challenges—such as connectivity limitations and management overhead—are mitigated with the R2 release. For instance, Windows Server 2003 R2 allows your users to remain productive in the event of a network failure by accessing up-to-date local replicas of remote data and information. The failover with fail-back capabilities in Windows Server 2003 R2 means that if a branch office server fails, branch office users will automatically be connected to a designated failover server, minimizing any disruption. Once the local branch server is up, users will automatically be connected back to their branch server.Bandwidth throttling and scheduling ensures that the most productive use of network bandwidth is made during office hours. Scheduling replication and setting network quotas for replication can minimize the impact of large volumes of data being sent over the wide area network (WAN). Improve storage management By using the File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) and Storage Manager for SANs in Windows Server 2003 R2, you can improve storage management across IT resources and optimize storage space on those resources. File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) This feature enables administrators to understand how storage is being used and to manage storage through storage reports, applying quotas to volumes and folders, and screening files on the server. With FSRM, you can better plan and optimize storage by creating quotas, creating file screens, and scheduling storage reports. Storage Manager for SANs This enables customers to provision storage on storage subsystems on a storage area network (SAN). Based on Microsoft Virtual Disk Service (VDS) technology, Storage Manager for SANs allows provisioning on Fiber Channel and Internet SCSI (iSCSI) storage subsystems. This feature is switch and HBA agnostic. Enhance application availability The ability to cluster up to (and including) eight nodes is available only in Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise Edition and Windows Server 2003 R2 Datacenter Edition. This service provides high availability and scalability for mission-critical applications such as databases, messaging systems, and file and print services. Clustering works by enabling multiple servers (nodes) to remain in constant communication. If one of the nodes in a cluster becomes unavailable as a result of failure or maintenance, another node immediately begins providing service, a process known as failover. In this event, your users can continue their activities, unaware that service is now being provided from a different server (node). Better secure your wireless LAN access Your organization can move to a security model that helps ensures all physical access is authenticated and encrypted, based on the 802.1X support in the Windows Server 2003 family. Support through 802.1X helps ensure that only trusted systems are allowed to connect and exchange packets with security-enhanced networks. Because 802.1X provides dynamic key determination, 802.1X wireless network encryption is dramatically improved by addressing many of the known issues associated with wired equivalent privacy (WEP) used by IEEE 802.11 networks. This feature provides enhanced security and performance improvements for wireless local area networks (LANs), such as automatic key management, user authentication, and authorization prior to LAN access. It also provides access control for Ethernet networks when wired Ethernet is used in public locations. Build the most cost-effective virtual operating environments When you purchase a Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise Edition license, you can use the software in one physical operating environment and up to four virtual operating environments simultaneously. Virtual Server 2005 R2 is ideal for server consolidation and is an ideal way to consolidate multiple workloads onto one physical server. This helps increase efficiency for operations and hardware usage. With Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise Edition and Virtual Server 2005 R2, customers have a cost-effective server virtualization technology engineered for the Windows Server System platform.

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