Recenzie de GNU/Linux: Ubuntu 17.04 Îndepartatul Zapus


Aceasta este o revizuire a Ubuntu 17.04 Zapus îndepartatul cu ambele unitate 7 şi 8 medii desktop. Această versiune este frumos ca întotdeauna, gata de utilizare grave, şi cu mai mult 70000 pachete oficial depozit. It will be supported for 9 months until January 2018. În cele din urmă, I hope this review helps people to find how Ubuntu is and what’s interesting from 17.04. Bucuraţi-vă!
Note: this article is a review of Ubuntu 17.04 Îndepartatul Zapus. If you’re looking for another one about Zesty, we already have complete download links, how to install, what to do after install, şi Ubuntu Budgie review. If you want to save your bandwidth, Descarca Ubuntu using zsync.

1. Desktop Overview

This is the desktop appearance of Unity on Ubuntu 17.04. The default desktop you login at first time is Unity 7.
Running Desktop
As previous release, Unity desktop is still having contemporary control-buttons (top-left of window, instead of top-right). It uses Ambiance theme (black-oriented top bars & panel) and Ubuntu Icon Theme as the desktop art composition.

Desktop Menu (“Dash”)
There’s no changes for the Dash appearance, it’s still the same. And yes Unity supports Super key to open/close the Dash. The contents are categorized by Filters (right) and Lenses (bottom).

Dash showing apps

 

Dash previewing picture

 

2. Unitate 8

This is the desktop interface of Unity 8. It’s preinstalled on Ubuntu 17.04 alongside the default Unity 7. To show Unity 8 you should logout, then chooseUnity 8on login screen (click on little Ubuntu button upper the username), and login.
Running Desktop
După cum puteţi vedea, the desktop looks unique with different theme and also right sidebar (it reminds us to Budgie, dreapta?). It has its own System Settings, different to the Unity 7’s one. The look and feel of this whole interface is very mobile-oriented.

Desktop Menu
If Unity 7’s Dash tends to spread horizontally, then Unity 8’s Dash tends to spread vertically. It’s a typical smartphone interface with touchscreen.

What’s Unity 8? It’s the next generation Unity prepared to “convergenţă” (one interface for both desktop & mobile computers.
How’s its future? Sadly, Canonical announces that they will stop Unity 8 dezvoltare. But happily, there is Yunit the new Unity 8 continuation from Yunit.io Project.
How convenient is it? Many GUI programs don’t work on Unity 8, such as Nautilus. But GNOME Calendar works well. So it’s not ready for daily desktop use. I wish Yunit will go further making Unity 8 stable for daily life, ca unitate 7.

3. Memorie Usage

At idle time after freshly installed, Ubuntu 17.04 consumes around 1GB of RAM. It’s no difference to the previous version Ubuntu 16.10. For any desktop user, 1GB is often considered too huge although it’s still lower than Ubuntu GNOME 17.04 Beta 1 (idle 1.4GB). Pentru a compara, there are even lower ones which are elementary OS Loki (600MB) şi Neon with KDE 5.8 (350MB).
Total
It walks around 980-1000 MB at idle.

Procese
It’s almost like a tradition to see compiz as the most memory-hungry process. Here are top three: compiz 72MB, Xorg 26MB, and gnome-software 15MB. Multe ori, compiz goes wild until more than 100MB.

4. Imagini de fundal

They are new beautiful wallpapers. These wallpapers are the winners of Ubuntu 17.04 Wallpaper Contest held on Flickr. If you’re a photographer and interested to know more about this contest, a se vedea Ubuntu wiki. My favorite one is Forest by Moritz Reisinger, how about you?

5. Default Applications

Ubuntu 17.04 brings newest GNOME 3.24 components and also new version of many applications.

  • Nautilus 3.20.4
  • LibreOffice 5.3.1
  • Firefox 50.1
  • Thunderbird 45.8
  • Software-ul Ubuntu 3.22.7
  • Centrul de control 14.04.3
  • Shotwell 0.22
  • Snap 2.23.6
  • Transmisie BitTorrent 2.92
  • Remmina Remote Desktop 1.1.2
  • NetworkManager 1.4.4

6. Depozit

Ubuntu 17.04 provides really huge number of programs on its repo. It’s around 70000 packages available, all installable using APT or Synaptic. And don’t forget you can use user-friendly Ubuntu Software to install them.
Software-ul Ubuntu
This is our “App Store”. All apps categorized in user-friendly format. You can also search any software.

Sources.list
Here is the content of /etc/apt/sources.list file. It lists the addresses of repository server used by Ubuntu 17.04.

Number of packages
By invoking $ apt-cache stats command we can see how many packages available on repo.

7. Viaţa cotidiană

This part emphasize some info you may use as daily needs. Ubuntu 17.04 is a stable OS with complete set of software on repo, ready to use for any purpose.
Customization
Easy desktop customization can be done using Unity Tweak Tool. This tool covers many aspects of your desktop and change them quickly. nu îţi face griji, it can restore to defaults if you do any mistake.

Ubuntu also has a “Panoul de control”, the System Settings. You change your basic system preferences here, like regional format, timp, mouse/touchpad settings, Monitor, etc.

Documente
You have the greatest free office suite on Ubuntu: LibreOffice. It supports both ODF and Microsoft Office documents. And it’s 5.3 pe 17.04 so it has the ribbon-like Notebookbar.

Design grafic
Plenty of free design tools are available on repo. Replace Photoshop with GIMP, CorelDRAW with Inkscape, and InDesign with Scribus. They’re available on repo.

Animaţie
It’s probably surprising that Ubuntu provides great 2D animation software as well as the 3D one. If you were a user of Macromedia Flash MX, you’ll like Synfig Studio and Tupi 2D. If you like 3D Studio Max, you’ll like Blender. They’re all available on repo.
Software Development
Ubuntu 17.04 includes both gcc and g++ compilers (6.3.0), both Python 2 şi Python 3 interpreters (2.7 & 3.5), Perl (5.24), and also build-essential package is preinstalled. It means Ubuntu is ready for you to do programming for most languages. In plus, there are more devel tools available on repo such as OpenJDK and Eclipse, MonoDevelop, Qt Creator, şi aşa mai departe.
Image Mounter
Imagine you need tomountan ISO image file. You can do it instantly on Ubuntu 17.04 because there’s preinstalled GNOME Image Mounter program. See how easy it’s done here.

8. Mirror List

These are some local mirrors for 17.04 in some countries. By using this, your Ubuntu will download packages from server in your country instead of international server. You can find a nearest mirror to you from List of Ubuntu Archive Mirrors. Note: to use a mirror, just replace the URL on each line in your sources.list into one of these URL addresses.
Indonesia
Datautama Company http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu
Buaya Surabaya http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu
Japonia
University of Tsukuba http://ftp.tsukuba.wide.ad.jp/Linux/ubuntu
University of Toyama http://ubuntutym.u-toyama.ac.jp/ubuntu
Statele Unite
Kernel.org http://mirrors.us.kernel.org/ubuntu
University of California, Berkeley http://mirrors.ocf.berkeley.edu/ubuntu
Marea Britanie
University of Kent http://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu
University of Oxford http://mirror.ox.ac.uk/sites/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu

9. Detalii tehnice

This part shows some technical info about Ubuntu 17.04.

  • OS name: Ubuntu
  • Versiune: 17.04
  • Codename: Îndepartatul Zapus
  • Data lansării: 13 aprilie 2017
  • Platform: desktop
  • Arhitectură: 32 bit, 64 bit
  • Familie de sistem de operare: GNU/Linux
  • Support type: regular, nonLTS
  • Durată de viaţă de sprijin: 9 lună
  • Image size: 1.5GB
  • Sistemul Init: systemd
  • Display server: X11, Mir
  • Desktop environment: Unity
  • Cod sursa: Launchpad, CDIMAGE

 

Concluzia

Ansamblu, there’s no special changes inside Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus compared to previous version 16.10 Yakkety Yak. It’s still as user-friendly, complete (as in software packages), and suitable for daily-desktop-life as before. It’s ready for serious use at least on 2GB of RAM but I recommend you 4GB of RAM (like mine) to use Ubuntu 17.04 because it’s very flawless on it. Cu toate acestea, din pacate, Ubuntu 17.04 with built-in Unity 8 is not enough, not ready for serious use.

Contribute!

If you want to get involved in Ubuntu development, you can begin from Community Contribution Page. To report bugs, utilizarea acest link. To join or see historical archive, Acest lucru se vedea list of all Ubuntu mailing lists. And to donate & help Ubuntu development financially see funding page.

Note de lansare

 

Sursa