Como instalar o Magento 2 with Varnish, Apache and Pound as SSL Termination

 

 

Neste artigo, Mostraremos a você como instalar o Magento 2 em um Ubuntu 16.04 VPS com MariaDB, Verniz como um cache de página inteira, Apache and Pound as SSL termination. Este guia deve funcionar em outros Linux VPS systems as well but was tested and written for an Ubuntu 16.04 VPS.

Antes de começar, you may want a different setup for your Magento. You can follow Este tutorial to install Magento 2 em um Ubuntu 16.04 VPS com MariaDB, PHP-FPM 7.0, Verniz como um cache de página inteira, Nginx as SSL termination and Redis for session storage and page caching.

Or you can check out Este tutorial to install Magento 2 em um Ubuntu 16.04 VPS com MariaDB, Verniz como um cache de página inteira, Apache e Memcache para armazenamento de sessão.

If you have any different requirements, Só get a Linux VPS from us and we’ll set everything up for you, de forma gratuita.

1. Login and update your server

Em primeiro lugar, you need to login to your Ubuntu 16.04 VPS via SSH as user root:

SSH [email protegido]_IP_address

It is also recommended to start a screen session by executing the following command

screen -U -S magento

Atualização do sistema and install necessary packages with:

apt-get update && apt-get -y upgrade
apt-get -y install curl nano git

It is crucial that you always keep your server up to date. Você pode até mesmo Ativar atualizações automáticas in order to achieve this.

2. Install and configure MariaDB

Install the latest MariaDB 10.0 server from the official Ubuntu repositories:

apt-get install -y mariadb-server

Na próxima, we need to create a database for our Magento installation.

mysql -u root -p
MariaDB [(nenhum)]> CREATE DATABASE magento;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magento.* TO 'magento'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'strong_password';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> q

Do not forget to replace ‘strong_password’ with an actual strong password. Você pode até mesmo generate a strong password from the command line.

3. Install Apache2 web server

apt-get install apache2

4. Instalar o PHP e módulos PHP necessários

Para instalar a última versão estável do PHP versão 7 e todos os módulos necessários, Execute:

apt-get install php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mbstring php7.0-curl php7.0-zip php7.0-gd php7.0-mysql php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-xsl php-imagick php7.0-gd php7.0-cli php-pear php7.0-intl

Change few default PHP settings:

sed -i "s/memory_limit = .*/memory_limit = 256M/" /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini
sed -i "s/upload_max_filesize = .*/upload_max_filesize = 128M/" /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini
sed -i "s/zlib.output_compression = .*/zlib.output_compression = on/" /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini
sed -i "s/max_execution_time = .*/max_execution_time = 18000/" /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini

Enable the Apache2 rewrite module if it is not already done:

a2enmod rewrite

In order to activate the new configuration, restart the Apache web server using the following command:

reiniciar o serviço apache2

5. Install Composer

Compositor é um Gerenciador de dependência para PHP, com o qual você pode instalar pacotes. Compositor vai puxar em todas as bibliotecas necessárias e dependências que você precisa para seu projeto.

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

6. Instalar Magento 2 de Github

Clone the Magento repository to the ~/myMagentoSite.com directory using the following command:

git clone https://github.com/magento/magento2.git /var/www/myMagentoSite.com

Get the latest Magento 2 stable release:

cd /var/www/myMagentoSite.com
git checkout $(git describe --tags $(git rev-list --tags --max-count=1))

Run composer to install all Magento dependencies:

instalação do compositor

To continue with the installation you can either use the installation wizard or the command line, in this guide we will use the latter.

bin/magento setup:install 
--base-url=http://myMagentoSite.com/ 
--db-host=localhost 
--db-name=magento 
--db-user=magento 
--db-password=strong_password 
--admin-firstname=First  
--admin-lastname=Last 
[email protegido] 
--admin-user=admin 
--admin-password=strong_password123 
--language=en_US 
--currency=USD 
--timezone=America/Chicago 
--use-rewrites=1

If the installation is successful you will see something like below:

[SUCCESS]: Magento installation complete.
[SUCCESS]: Magento Admin URI: /admin_1m0ezr

Executar o crontab command to create a cronjob

crontab -u www-data -e

e adicione a seguinte linha:

* * * * * /usr/bin/php /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/bin/magento cron:run | grep -v "Ran jobs by schedule" >> /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/var/log/magento.cron.log

Finalmente, set the correct permissions:

chown -R www-data: /var/www/myMagentoSite.com

7. Configurar o Apache

Criar uma nova diretiva de host virtual no Apache. Por exemplo, you can create a new Apache configuration file named ‘magento.conf’ on your server:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/magento.conf
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf

Em seguida, Adicione as seguintes linhas:

<VirtualHost *: 80>
ServerAdmin [email protegido]
DocumentRoot /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/
ServerName myMagentoSite.com
ServerAlias www.myMagentoSite.com
<Directory /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Diretório>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/myMagentoSite.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/myMagentoSite.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Reinicie o servidor web Apache para que as alterações entrem em vigor:

reiniciar o serviço apache2

You should be now able to login to your Magento back-end by going to http://myMagentoSite.com/admin_1m0ezr using the information you set when running the bin/magento setup:install.

8. Install and configure Varnish

To install Varnish, simplesmente execute o seguinte comando:

apt-get install verniz

From you Magento Admin dashboard click on the STORES link (left sidebar) -> Configuration -> ADVANCED -> Sistema-> Full Page Cache

Uncheck “Use system value” and from the Caching Application list, select Varnish Cache (Recommended), save the configuration, click on the Varnish Configuration link and click on the Export VCL for Varnish 4 botão. O varnish.vcl file which we will use will be exported in the /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/var/ diretório.

Flush the Magento cache with:

php bin/magento cache:flush

Delete the /etc/varnish/default.vcl and symlink it to the exported varnish configuration.

rm -f /etc/varnish/default.vcl
ln -sf /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/var/varnish.vcl /etc/varnish/default.vcl

To change varnish port from 6081 Para 80, we need to edit the systemd service configuration.

Criar um novo customexec.conf arquivo

mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/varnish.service.d
nano /etc/systemd/system/varnish.service.d/customexec.conf

Cole o seguinte:

[Service]
ExecStart=
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/varnishd -j unix,user=vcache -F -a :80 -T localhost:6082 -f /etc/varnish/default.vcl -S /etc/varnish/secret -s malloc,256m

and reload systemd units

systemctl daemon-recarga

Now we need to change Apache listening port from 80 Para 8080. Para fazer isso, open the Apache ports configuration file and change it as follows:

nano /etc/apache2/ports.conf

Listen 80 -> Ouça 8080
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf

<VirtualHost *: 80> -> <VirtualHost *: 8080>

If everything is setup correctly now you should be able to login to your Magento back-end by going to https://myMagentoSite.com/admin_1m0ezr.

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9. Install and configure Pound as SSL termination

Varnish doesn’t support SSL traffic, so you will need to install a proxy or load balancer like Pound to handle the SSL traffic. Para fazer isso, we will configure Pound to only listen on port 443 and pass the traffic to Varnish on port 80.

Primeiro, let’s install Pound with:

apt-get install pound

Open the Pound configuration file:

nano /etc/pound/pound.cfg

and set the following:

ListenHTTPS
    Address 1.2.3.4 ## this should be your server public IP address
    Port 443
    Cert "/etc/apache2/ssl/myMagentoSite.com.pem" ## path to your SSL certificate
    HeadRemove "X-Forwarded-Proto"
    AddHeader "X-Forwarded-Proto: https"
    Service
        BackEnd
            Address 127.0.0.1
            Porto 80
        End
    End
End

After you are done, restart your Apache and Varnish, and Pound:

service apache2 restart
service varnish restart
service pound restart

10. Further Optimizations

To further optimize your Magento installation from your Magento admin dashboard:

1. Go to STORES -> Configuration -> CATALOG -> Catalog -> Use Flat Catalog Category, select Yes and click Save Config.
2. Go to STORES -> Configuration -> ADVANCED -> Developer -> JavaScript Settings and set both Merge JavaScript Files and Minify JavaScript Files to Yes and click Save Config..
3. Go to STORES -> Configuration -> ADVANCED -> Developer -> CSS Settings and set both Merge CSS Files and Minify CSS Files to Yes and click Save Config.
4. Consider using a CDN – Content Delivery Network

Do not forget to flush the cache again:

php bin/magento cache:flush

You can also follow our guide on how to speed up Magento.

É isso. You have successfully installed Magento 2 with Memcache as a session storage and page caching, Varnish as a full page caching and Apache on your Ubuntu 16.04 VPS and you have set up Pound as SSL termination. For more information about how to manage your Magento installation, por favor, consulte o funcionário Magento documentação.

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