Magento をインストールする方法 2 with Varnish, Apache and Pound as SSL Termination

この記事で, Magento をインストールする方法を紹介します 2 で、 Ubuntu 16.04 VPS with MariaDB, 完全ページ キャッシュとしてニスします。, Apache and Pound as SSL termination. このガイドは、他の動作するはずです。 Linux VPS systems as well but was tested and written for an Ubuntu 16.04 VPS.

始める前に, you may want a different setup for your Magento. You can follow このチュートリアル to install Magento 2 Ubuntu の 16.04 MariaDB の VPS, PHP FPM 7.0, 完全ページ キャッシュとしてニスします。, Nginx as SSL termination and Redis for session storage and page caching.

Or you can check out このチュートリアル to install Magento 2 で、 Ubuntu 16.04 VPS with MariaDB, 完全ページ キャッシュとしてニスします。, Apache とセッション ストレージ Memcache.

If you have any different requirements, just get a Linux VPS from us and we’ll set everything up for you, free of charge.

1. Login and update your server

最初です, you need to login to your Ubuntu 16.04 VPS via SSH as user root:

ssh [電子メールの保護]_IP_address

It is also recommended to start a screen session by executing the following command

screen -U -S magento

システムを更新します。 and install necessary packages with:

適当です-行きます更新 && apt-get -y upgrade
apt-get -y install curl nano git

It is crucial that you always keep your server up to date. You can even enable automatic updates in order to achieve this.

2. Install and configure MariaDB

Install the latest MariaDB 10.0 server from the official Ubuntu repositories:

apt-get install -y mariadb-server

次に, we need to create a database for our Magento installation.

mysql u ルート-p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE magento;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magento.* TO 'magento'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'strong_password';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> q

Do not forget to replace ‘strong_password’ with an actual strong password. You can even generate a strong password from the command line.

3. Install Apache2 web server

apt - apache2 をインストールします。

4. Install PHP and required PHP modules

To install the latest stable version of PHP version 7 and all necessary modules, 実行します。

apt-get install php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mbstring php7.0-curl php7.0-zip php7.0-gd php7.0-mysql php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-xsl php-imagick php7.0-gd php7.0-cli php-pear php7.0-intl

Change few default PHP settings:

sed -i "s/memory_limit = .*/memory_limit = 256M/" /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini
sed -i "s/upload_max_filesize = .*/upload_max_filesize = 128M/" /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini
sed -i "s/zlib.output_compression = .*/zlib.output_compression = on/" /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini
sed -i "s/max_execution_time = .*/max_execution_time = 18000/" /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini

Enable the Apache2 rewrite module if it is not already done:

a2enmod rewrite

In order to activate the new configuration, restart the Apache web server using the following command:

サービス apache2 を再起動

5. Install Composer

Composer is a dependency manager for PHP with which you can install packages. Composer will pull in all the required libraries and dependencies you need for your project.

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

6. Install Magento 2 Github から

Clone the Magento repository to the ~/myMagentoSite.com directory using the following command:

git clone https://github.com/magento/magento2.git /var/www/myMagentoSite.com

Get the latest Magento 2 stable release:

cd /var/www/myMagentoSite.com
git checkout $(git describe --tags $(git rev-list --tags --max-count=1))

Run composer to install all Magento dependencies:

作曲家のインストール

To continue with the installation you can either use the installation wizard or the command line, in this guide we will use the latter.

bin/magento setup:install 
--base-url=http://myMagentoSite.com/ 
--db-host=localhost 
--db-name=magento 
--db-user=magento 
--db-password=strong_password 
--admin-firstname=First  
--admin-lastname=Last 
[電子メールの保護] 
--admin-user=admin 
--admin-password=strong_password123 
--language=en_US 
--currency=USD 
--timezone=America/Chicago 
--use-rewrites=1

If the installation is successful you will see something like below:

[SUCCESS]: Magento installation complete.
[SUCCESS]: Magento Admin URI: /admin_1m0ezr

実行、 crontab command to create a cronjob

crontab -u www-data -e

and add the following line:

* * * * * /usr/bin/php /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/bin/magento cron:run | grep -v "Ran jobs by schedule" >> /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/var/log/magento.cron.log

最終的に, set the correct permissions:

chown -R www-data: /var/www/myMagentoSite.com

7. Configure Apache

Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. 例えば, you can create a new Apache configuration file named ‘magento.conf’ on your server:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/magento.conf
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf

そうしたら, add the following lines:

<バーチャル ホスト *: 80>
ServerAdmin [電子メールの保護]
DocumentRoot /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/
ServerName myMagentoSite.com
ServerAlias www.myMagentoSite.com
<Directory /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</ディレクトリ>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/myMagentoSite.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/myMagentoSite.com-access_log common
</バーチャル ホスト>

有効にする変更の Apache web サーバーを再起動します。

サービス apache2 を再起動

You should be now able to login to your Magento back-end by going to http://myMagentoSite.com/admin_1m0ezr using the information you set when running the bin/magento setup:install.

8. Install and configure Varnish

To install Varnish, 単に次のコマンドを実行します。

apt-get install varnish

From you Magento Admin dashboard click on the STORES link (left sidebar) -> 構成-> ADVANCED -> システム-> Full Page Cache

Uncheck “Use system value” and from the Caching Application list, select Varnish Cache (Recommended), save the configuration, click on the Varnish Configuration link and click on the Export VCL for Varnish 4 ボタン. 、 varnish.vcl file which we will use will be exported in the /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/var/ ディレクトリ.

Flush the Magento cache with:

php bin/magento cache:flush

Delete the /etc/varnish/default.vcl and symlink it to the exported varnish configuration.

rm -f /etc/varnish/default.vcl
ln -sf /var/www/myMagentoSite.com/var/varnish.vcl /etc/varnish/default.vcl

To change varnish port from 6081 宛先 80, we need to edit the systemd service configuration.

Create a new customexec.conf ファイル

mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/varnish.service.d
nano /etc/systemd/system/varnish.service.d/customexec.conf

貼り付け、次の。

[Service]
ExecStart=
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/varnishd -j unix,user=vcache -F -a :80 -T localhost:6082 -f /etc/varnish/default.vcl -S /etc/varnish/secret -s malloc,256m

and reload systemd units

systemctl デーモン-リロード

Now we need to change Apache listening port from 80 宛先 8080. そのために, open the Apache ports configuration file and change it as follows:

nano /etc/apache2/ports.conf

Listen 80 -> 耳を傾ける 8080
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf

<バーチャル ホスト *: 80> -> <バーチャル ホスト *: 8080>

If everything is setup correctly now you should be able to login to your Magento back-end by going to https://myMagentoSite.com/admin_1m0ezr.

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9. Install and configure Pound as SSL termination

Varnish doesn’t support SSL traffic, so you will need to install a proxy or load balancer like Pound to handle the SSL traffic. これを行うに, we will configure Pound to only listen on port 443 and pass the traffic to Varnish on port 80.

まずは, let’s install Pound with:

apt-get install pound

Open the Pound configuration file:

nano /etc/pound/pound.cfg

and set the following:

ListenHTTPS
    Address 1.2.3.4 ## this should be your server public IP address
    Port 443
    Cert "/etc/apache2/ssl/myMagentoSite.com.pem" ## path to your SSL certificate
    HeadRemove "X-Forwarded-Proto"
    AddHeader "X-Forwarded-Proto: https"
    Service
        BackEnd
            Address 127.0.0.1
            ポート 80
        End
    End
End

After you are done, restart your Apache and Varnish, and Pound:

service apache2 restart
service varnish restart
service pound restart

10. Further Optimizations

To further optimize your Magento installation from your Magento admin dashboard:

1. Go to STORES -> 構成-> CATALOG -> Catalog -> Use Flat Catalog Category, select Yes and click Save Config.
2. Go to STORES -> 構成-> ADVANCED -> Developer -> JavaScript Settings and set both Merge JavaScript Files and Minify JavaScript Files to Yes and click Save Config..
3. Go to STORES -> 構成-> ADVANCED -> Developer -> CSS Settings and set both Merge CSS Files and Minify CSS Files to Yes and click Save Config.
4. Consider using a CDN – Content Delivery Network

Do not forget to flush the cache again:

php bin/magento cache:flush

You can also follow our guide on how to speed up Magento.

それです. You have successfully installed Magento 2 with Memcache as a session storage and page caching, Varnish as a full page caching and Apache on your Ubuntu 16.04 VPS and you have set up Pound as SSL termination. For more information about how to manage your Magento installation, please refer to the official Magento ドキュメント.

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