Install Invoice Ninja on a Debian 7 VPS

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install-invoice-ninja-on-debian-7-vpsIn this tutorial we’ll see how to install Invoice Ninja on a Debian 7 (Wheezy) VPS with MariaDB, PHP-FPM and Nginx. Invoice Ninja is a free, open-source solution for invoicing and billing customers and it’s based on Laravel 4.1 framework. This guide should work on other Linux VPS systems as well but was tested and written for Debian 7 VPS.

 

Login to your VPS via SSH

ssh [email protected]

Update the system and install necessary packages

[email protected]:~# sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get -y upgrade
[email protected]:~# sudo apt-get install python-software-properties git curl openssl vim

Install MariaDB 10.0

[email protected]:~# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com 0xcbcb082a1bb943db
[email protected]:~# sudo add-apt-repository 'deb http://mirror.jmu.edu/pub/mariadb/repo/10.0/debian wheezy main'
[email protected]:~# sudo apt-get update
[email protected]:~# sudo apt-get install mariadb-server

When the installation is complete, run the following command to secure your installation:

mysql_secure_installation

Next, we need to create a database for our Invoice Ninja instance.

mysql -uroot -p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE ininja;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON ininja.* TO 'ininjauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'ininjauser_passwd';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> \q

Install and configure PHP and Nginx

The latest versions of Nginx 1.6.2 and PHP 5.6 are not available via the default Debian repositories, so we will add the Dotdeb repository. Open the /etc/apt/sources.list file and append the following lines:

[email protected]:~# sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://packages.dotdeb.org wheezy all
deb http://packages.dotdeb.org wheezy-php56 all

Next, fetch and install the GnuPG key:

[email protected]:~# wget -qO - http://www.dotdeb.org/dotdeb.gpg | sudo apt-key add -

Update the system and install Nginx, PHP and all necessary extensions:

[email protected]:~# sudo apt-get update
[email protected]:~# sudo apt-get install nginx php5-fpm php5-cli php5-mcrypt php5-gd
[email protected]:~# sudo php5enmod mcrypt

Install Composer

Composer is a dependency manager for PHP with which you can install packages. Composer will pull in all the required libraries and dependencies that you need for your project.

[email protected]:~# curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
[email protected]:~# sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Install Invoice Ninja

Create a root directory for your application.

[email protected]:~# mkdir -p ~/your_ininja_site

Clone the project repository from GitHub:

[email protected]:~# git clone https://github.com/hillelcoren/invoice-ninja.git ~/your_ininja_site
[email protected]:~# cd  ~/your_ininja_site

Install all dependencies:

[email protected]:~# composer install --no-dev -o

Set the environment to production:

[email protected]:~# cp bootstrap/environment.default.php bootstrap/environment.php
[email protected]:~# vim bootstrap/environment.php

Open the database.php file and edit the database settings:

[email protected]:~# vim app/config/database.php
       'mysql' => array(
            'driver'    => 'mysql',
            'host'      => 'localhost',
            'database'  => 'ininja',
            'username'  => 'ininjauser',
            'password'  => 'ininjauser_passwd',
            'charset'   => 'utf8',
            'collation' => 'utf8_unicode_ci',
            'prefix'    => '',
        ),

Run database migrations and seed the database with sample data:

[email protected]:~# php artisan migrate
[email protected]:~# php artisan db:seed

Generate a new application key:

[email protected]:~# php artisan key:generate
[email protected]:~# vim app/config/app.php
'key' => 'iL7OD2fbvjJvIcSgalLThFaEM4gPtPNF',

Configure Nginx and PHP

Create a new PHP-FPM pool for your user:

[email protected]:~# sudo nano /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/your_user.conf
[your_user]
user = your_user  
group = your_user  
listen = /var/run/php5-fpm-your_user.sock  
listen.owner = your_user
listen.group = your_user  
listen.mode = 0666  
pm = ondemand  
pm.max_children = 5  
pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s;  
pm.max_requests = 200  
chdir = /  

Do not forget to change your_user with your username.

Restart PHP-FPM

[email protected]:~# sudo service php5-fpm restart

Generate SSL certificate:

[email protected]:~# sudo mkdir -p /etc/nginx/ssl
[email protected]:~# cd /etc/nginx/ssl
[email protected]:~# sudo openssl genrsa -des3 -passout pass:x -out ininja.pass.key 2048
[email protected]:~# sudo openssl rsa -passin pass:x -in ininja.pass.key -out ininja.key
[email protected]:~# sudo rm ininja.pass.key
[email protected]:~# sudo openssl req -new -key ininja.key -out ininja.csr
[email protected]:~# sudo openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in ininja.csr -signkey ininja.key -out ininja.crt

Next, create a new Nginx server block:

[email protected]:~# sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/your_ininja_site
server {
    listen      443 default;
    server_name your_ininja_site;

    ssl on;
    ssl_certificate     /etc/nginx/ssl/ininja.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/ininja.key;
    ssl_session_timeout 5m;

    ssl_ciphers               'AES128+EECDH:AES128+EDH:!aNULL';
    ssl_protocols              TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    root /home/your_user/your_ininja_site/public;

    index index.html index.htm index.php;

    charset utf-8;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
    }

    location = /favicon.ico { access_log off; log_not_found off; }
    location = /robots.txt  { access_log off; log_not_found off; }

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/ininja.access.log;
    error_log   /var/log/nginx/ininja.error.log;

    sendfile off;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm-your_user.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors off;
        fastcgi_buffer_size 16k;
        fastcgi_buffers 4 16k;
    }

    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny all;
    }
}

server {
    listen      80;
    server_name your_ininja_site;

    add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=2592000;
    rewrite ^ https://$server_name$request_uri? permanent;
}

Do not forget to change your_user with your username.

Activate the server block by creating a symbolic link and restart Nginx:

[email protected]:~# sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/your_ininja_site /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/your_ininja_site
[email protected]:~# sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart

That’s it. You have successfully installed Invoice Ninja on your Debian Wheezy VPS. For more information about Invoice Ninja, please refer to the Invoice Ninja website.

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