How To Install Drupal On Ubuntu 14.04
This document describes how to install and configure Drupal on Ubuntu 14.04. Drupal is an open source content management platform powering millions of websites and applications. It’s built, used, and supported by an active and diverse community of people around the world.
1 Preliminary Note
This tutorial is based on Ubuntu 14.04 server, so you should set up a basic Ubuntu 14.04 server installation before you continue with this tutorial. The system should have a static IP address. I use 192.168.0.100 as my IP address in this tutorial and server1.example.com as the hostname. You must have a LAMP server installed in Ubuntu 14.04 as mentioned in the tutorial to continue further.
2 Database initialization
I will create the database for the Drupal as follows:
mysql -u root -p
Here we are adding database=drupaldb user=drupaluser and password=drupalpassword:
CREATE DATABASE drupaldb;
And a new MySQL user to access the Drupal database
CREATE USER [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY ‘drupalpassword’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON drupaldb.* TO [email protected];
Reload the MySQL database priveliges to activate the new MySQL user:
3 Installation of Drupal
We will first make a directory temp in which I will the download the latest version of the Drupal as follows:
We need to install unzip as by default it is now installed:
apt-get install unzip
Further moving ahead, please note that Drupal would always be dependent on a specific PHP module. Hence, if it is not yet installed on your server, you must immediately download php-gd using the following command:
apt-get install php5-gd
unzip the Drupal zip file in the following created folder:
unzip -q drupal-7.30.zip -d /var/www/html/
It will create a folder as /var/www/html/drupal-7.30, I will rename the folder as /var/www/html/drupal. Here I am removing the version name only:
mv /var/www/html/drupal-7.30/ /var/www/html/drupal
Now give appropriate permissions in the directory
chown -R www-data.www-data /var/www/html/drupal
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/drupal
Now proceed to the web installation of Drupal. Go to the URL http://192.168.0.100/drupal:
Proceed with Standard and hit Save and continue.
Now by default English is selected, continue with Save and Continue:
Now we will proceed towards the login page by giving the database information as selected at the time of the Drupal database creation:
In my case it was
Select MySQL, MariaDB, or equivalent Database name = drupaldb Database username = drupaluser Database password = howtoforge Datbase host = localhost
Give the information as per your choice, here I am using like:
Site name = Drupal site Site e-mail address = [email protected] Username = admin Email-address = [email protected] Password = howtoforge Country = India Default time-zone = Asia/kolkata +0530
The above values are user’s specific, you can customize it according to your choice. Further press Save and Continue:
This will be your install Drupal.
Now proceed towards the Visit your new site.
Congratulations! You now have a fully functional Drupal instance on your Ubuntu 14.04 🙂