Forgot MySQL Root Password – How To Reset It

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Forgot your MySQL root user password? Don’t worry. We are here for rescue.

When you tried to login to root without entering a password, you may get ‘Access Denied’ message, as MySQL is expecting a password.

This article explains how to recover mysql root password by setting a new MySQL password when you don’t remember your old one.

 

When you don’t remember root password and enter a wrong password, you will get the following MySQL error message.

# mysql -u root mysql
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)

1.  Stop MySQL Server

As a first step, stop the mysql server using one of the following method.

# service mysql stop

(or)

# /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql stop

2. Add –skip-grant-tables to mysqld_safe Startup Command

Open the mysql startup script and add -skip-grant-tables as shown below.

# vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql

Old Line: $bindir/mysqld_safe --datadir=$datadir --pid-file=$server_pid_file $other_args >/dev/null 2>&1 &

New Line: $bindir/mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables --datadir=$datadir --pid-file=$server_pid_file $other_args >/dev/null 2>&1 &

3. Start MySQL Server With –skip-grant-tables

Start the mysql server with skip-grant-tables option, which will allow anybody to login to mysql without entering a password.

# service mysql start
Starting MySQL.                                            [  OK  ]
[Note: This is using the updated /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql script]

4. Login Using MySQL Root User Without Entering Password

Since you’ve skipped the grant table, this time when you try to login to mysql, it will not ask for password.

# mysql -u root mysql
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 1
Server version: 5.1.25-rc-community MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the buffer.

mysql>

[Note: MySQL did not ask for any password]

5. Set MySQL Root Password to a New Password Using UPDATE Command

Follow the strong password rules while setting new password for the mysql root account.

mysql> UPDATE user SET password=PASSWORD('newpassword') WHERE user='root';
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 0

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>

6. Stop the MySQL Server

Stop the mysql server using one of the following method.

# service mysql stop

(or)

# /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql stop

7. Update /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql Startup Script and Remove –skip-grant-table

Open the mysql startup script and remove –skip-grant-tables as shown below.

# vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql

Old Line: $bindir/mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables --datadir=$datadir --pid-file=$server_pid_file $other_args >/dev/null 2>&1 &

New Line: $bindir/mysqld_safe --datadir=$datadir --pid-file=$server_pid_file $other_args >/dev/null 2>&1 &

8. Start MySQL Server

Start the mysql server without the skip-grant-tables option. This time mysql will ask for password when someone tries to login.

# service mysql start
Starting MySQL.                                            [  OK  ]

9. Login to MySQL With the New Password

Login to mysql root account with the new password.

# mysql -u root -pnewpassword
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 1
Server version: 5.1.25-rc-community MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the buffer.

mysql>

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