Sådan installeres Moodle på Ubuntu 14.04

This document describes how to install and configure Moodle on Ubuntu 14.04.  Moodle (acronym for Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) (stylised in lower-case as moodle) is a free software e-learning platform, also known as a Learning Management System, or Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). As of June 2013 it had a user base of 83,008 registered and verified sites, serving 70,696,570 users in 7.5+ million courses with 1.2+ million teachers. Equipped with a horde of smart features such as virtual quizzes, assignment submission, wiki, grading, IM services, and online discussion boards, Moodle enables a seamless online learning experience for end-users. Also, by virtue of being a modular software, it is capable of enhanced functionality through customized plugins.

1 Preliminary Note

Denne vejledning er baseret på Ubuntu 14.04-serveren, så du bør oprette en grundlæggende Ubuntu 14.04-serverinstallation, inden du fortsætter med denne vejledning. Systemet skal have en statisk IP-adresse. Jeg bruger as my IP-adresse in this tutorial and server1.example.com as the hostname.

2 Install Apache/MySQL/PHP

We require Apache, MySQL and PHP before Moodle installation. I will be using root credentials, if you are doing installation with any other user just prefix sudo before all commands:

apt-get -y install apache2 mysql-client mysql-server php5

Du bliver bedt om at angive en adgangskode til MySQL root-brugeren - denne adgangskode er gyldig for brugeren root @ localhost samt root@server1.example.com, så vi behøver ikke at angive en MySQL root password manuelt senere:
Ny adgangskode til MySQL "root" -brugeren: <- dinrootsqlpassword
Gentag adgangskode til MySQL "root" -brugeren: <- dinrootsqlpassword

Moodle require some more packages we will install them as follows:

apt-get -y install graphviz aspell php5-pspell php5-curl php5-gd php5-intl php5-mysql php5-xmlrpc php5-ldap git-core

I will be using git utility for downloading Moodle so I have installed git-core.

3 Download Moodle

Now we will download Moodle as follows:

cd / opt
git clone git://git.moodle.org/moodle.git
cd moodle
git branch -a
git branch --track MOODLE_27_STABLE origin/MOODLE_27_STABLE
git checkout MOODLE_27_STABLE

Next we need to copy the Moodle content to the / Var / www / html som:

cp -R /opt/moodle /var/www/html/
mkdir /var/moodledata
chown -R www-data /var/moodledata
chown -R www-data /var/www/html/moodle
chmod -R 777 /var/moodledata
chmod -R 0755 /var/www/html/moodle

We need to change the default storage engine to innodb:

nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Give values at the end of the file as:

#Basic settings for moodle
default-storage-engine = innodb

4 Database initialisering

We need a database for Moodle, I will create  the database for the Moodle as follows:

mysql -u rod-p

Her tilføjer vi database=moodledb user=moodleuser og password=moodlepassword:


Fortsæt videre:


Genstart tjenester

service apache2 genstart
service mysql genstart


3 Web installation of Moodle

Now we will proceed with the Moodle web-installation. Open a browser of your choice and open the link http:


Klik for større billede


Select your language and press Næste:

Klik for større billede

Change the value of Data directory to /var/moodledata og tryk Næste:

Klik for større billede


Tryk Næste:

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Give the values at the time of creation of the database, in my case it was as follows:

Database host    :    localhost
Database name    :    moodledb
Database user    :    moodleuser
Database password    :    moodlepassword
table prefix    :    mdl_    (or any valaue of your choice)
Database port    :    3306
Unix socket    :    It will remain blank.

After giving the values press Næste:

Klik for større billede


Tryk fortsætte:

Klik for større billede

Tryk fortsætte:

Klik for større billede

Tryk fortsætte:

Klik for større billede

Now create an admin user for Moodle, you can use any value as per your choice. In my case I am using:
Username    :    admin
New password    :    Howtoforge@1
First name    :    Srijan
Surname    :    Kishore
EMail    :    admin@example.com

All other field I will be using its default value, ofcourse you can change it later.

Klik for større billede

Tryk Opdater profil:

Klik for større billede


Give any name as per your choice, I am using a test name as:

Full site name    :    Test-moodle
Short name for site    :    prøve
Self registration    :    Deaktiver

After giving the values  press Gem ændringer:

Klik for større billede


Gå nu til websted Administration->Server->System Paths and define the paths as follows:

Path to du    :    /usr/bin/du
Path to aspell    :    /usr/bin/aspell
Path to dot    :    /usr/bin/dot

Tryk Gem ændringer.

Now we are done with the installation part of Moodle, We can access the Moodle page at  http://192.168.0100/moodle/login/index.php som følger:

Klik for større billede


Your credentials will be Brugernavn=admin og Adgangskode=Howtoforge@1.
Next page will be the default welcome page.

Klik for større billede

Now we can add courses and use Moodle as per our requirement. Congratulations! You now we have a fully functional Moodle instance on our Ubuntu 14.04 🙂


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