9 Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 17.10

Brief: Here are the essential Co dělat po instalaci Ubuntu 17.10 in order to give you a better and smooth experience after the fresh install of Ubuntu 17.10.

Ubuntu 17.10 is about to be released. Teď, musíte vidět nové funkce v Ubuntu 17.10 a pokud dáváte to zkusit s novou instalaci, here I am listing a few things to do after installing Ubuntu 17.10 that will make your experience with Ubuntu lepší.

If you are a new Ubuntu user, I also recommend to reading this getting started guide with Ubuntu that will help you to understand Ubuntu and use it easily.

Co dělat po instalaci Ubuntu 17.10

Co dělat po instalaci Ubuntu 17.10

Just to be clear, what to do after installing Ubuntu 17.10 depends upon you, the user. If you are into graphics design, bude líbit nainstalovat spousta Linux grafické nástroje. Pokud jste se do Linux hry, můžete hledat další hry Linux instalace a konfigurace grafickou kartu za to. Pokud jste se do programování, you would want to install programming tools, editors, IDEs etc.

This list here is mostly generic to put down things that should be useful for almost everyone, ne-li všechny. These steps mentioned here are surely helpful to most new Ubuntu users.

I have created a video so that it will be easier for you to see these steps in action. Atrakce přihlásit k odběru našeho kanálu YouTube for more Ubuntu and Linux videos.

Tak, let’s begin with the written list of Co dělat po instalaci Ubuntu 17.10:

1. Aktualizovat systém

Whenever you do a fresh install of Ubuntu, update the system. It may sound strange because you just installed a fresh OS but still, you must run the updater.

I have experienced that if you don’t update the system right after installing Ubuntu, můžete čelit problémům při pokusu o instalaci nového programu. You may even see fewer applications to install.

To update your system, press Super Key (Windows Key) to launch the Activity Overview and look for Software Updater. Spustit tento program. Bude hledat dostupné aktualizace. Instalovat je.

Software Updater in Ubuntu 17.10

Můžete také, můžete použít následující příkaz v terminálu (Ctrl + Alt + T):

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

2. Povolit repozitářů Canonical Partner

Another must do thing is to enable Canonical Partner repositories. Ubuntu má mnoho softwaru dostupného od svého repozitáře. You can find them in the Software Center.

But you get even more software in the Software Center if you enable the Canonical Partner repositories. This additional repository consists of third-party software, often proprietary stuff, that have been tested by Ubuntu.

Go to Activity Overview by pressing Super Key (Windows key), a podívejte se na Software & Aktualizace:

Software and Updates in Ubuntu 17.10

Otevřete jej a pod Jiný Software Záložka, Zaškrtněte možnost Kanonické partneři.

Enable Canonical Partners repository in Ubuntu 17.10

To bude ptát na vaše heslo a aktualizovat zdroje softwaru. Once it completes, you’ll find more applications to install in the Software Center.

3. Instalace media kodeky

Ve výchozím nastavení, Ubuntu doesn’t provide a number of media codecs because of copyright issues. But it does provide an easy way to install these media codecs so that you could play MP3, MPEG4, AVI and a number of other media files.

You can install these media codecs thanks to Ubuntu Restricted Extra package. Klikněte na odkaz níže jej nainstalovat z centra softwaru.

Instalace Ubuntu omezen kompars

Nebo alternativně, Nainstalujte jej pomocí příkazu níže:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

4. Install software from the Software Center

Jakmile jste inovovali systém a nainstalované kodeky, it’s time to install some software. If you are rather new to Ubuntu, Doporučuji přečíst tento detailní začátečník Příručka k instalaci softwaru v Ubuntu.

V podstatě, there are various ways to install software in Ubuntu. The easiest, most convenient and most reliable way is to use the Software Center to find and install new software.

Můžete otevřít Centrum softwaru vyhledat software k instalaci v tomto grafický nástroj.

Software Center in Ubuntu 17.10

Můžete také, Pokud víte, co budete k instalaci stačí napsat sudo apt install <název programu> příkaz pro instalaci. Čtení beginners guide to using apt commands in Ubuntu for more details on this command.

Je jen na vás, ale určitě lze navrhnout několik aplikací, které jsou na mém seznamu Co dělat po instalaci Ubuntu 17.10.

  • VLC multimediální přehrávač pro videa
  • GIMPU – Photoshop alternativa pro Linux
  • Závěrka – Snímek obrazovky aplikace
  • Ráže – Nástroj pro správu eBook
  • Chrom – Open Source webový prohlížeč
  • Kazam – Screen Recorder Tool
  • Gdebi – Lightweight package installer for .deb packages.

You can also refer to this list of must-have Linux applications for more software recommendations.

5. Nainstalujte software z webu

You’ll find plenty of applications in the Software Center. But you’ll also find that many applications are not included in the Software Center despite the fact that they support Linux.

Ve skutečnosti, a number of software vendors package their software in .deb format that can be easily installed in Ubuntu. You can download the .deb files from their official websites and install them by double-clicking on it.

Některé z hlavních software stáhnout a nainstalovat z webu jsou:

6. Vyladit vzhled Ubuntu 17.10

Ubuntu 17.10 uses GNOME. While the default setup looks good, it doesn’t mean you cannot change it.

You can do some visual changes from the System Settings. Just search for System Settings in the Activity Overview and start it.

In the System Settings, you can change the wallpaper of the desktop and the lock screen, you can change the position of the dock (launcher on the left side), change power settings, Bluetooth etc. V krátkém, you can find many settings that you can change as per your need.

Remember that there is no “set to default” button here so try to keep a track of changes you make to your system.

Ubuntu 17.10 Nastavení systému

Let’s go further with tweaking the Ubuntu 17.10 systém. You can install new icons and themes. But to change the themes and icons, you need to use GNOME Tweaks tool.

As some readers suggested, it is installed by default now. But if you cannoy find it, you can install it via the Software Center or you can use the command below to install it:

sudo apt install gnome-tweak-tool

Po instalaci, Můžeš instalovat nové témata a ikony.

Change theme is one of the must to do things after installing Ubuntu 17.10

7. Prodloužit baterii a zabránit přehřátí

Jedním z nejlepších způsobů, jak zabránit přehřátí v Linuxu notebooky je použití TLP. Just install TLP and forget it. It works wonder in controlling CPU temperature and thus prolonging your laptops’ battery life in long run.

Můžete nainstalovat pomocí příkazu níže v terminálu:

sudo apt install tlp tlp-rdw

Po instalaci, Spusťte následující příkaz spustit:

sudo tlp start

No need for any configuration changes (you can do that if you know what you are doing). To se automaticky spustí při každém spuštění a vyladit váš systém spotřeby energie.

8. Save your eyes with Nightlight

Another one of favorite things. Udržování bezpečí v noci oči od počítače je velmi důležité, obrazovka. Reducing blue light helps to reduce eye strain.

tok efekt

GNOME provides a built-in Night Light option and you can activate it in the System Settings.

Just go to System Settings-> Devices-> Displays and turn on the Night Light option.

Enabling night light is a must to do in Ubuntu 17.10

9. Moving back to Xorg from Wayland (if needed)

I have separately discussed moving back to Xorg from Wayland in Ubuntu 17.10. Jak Ubuntu 17.10 moves away from the legacy Xorg display server, not all desktop applications are compatible with the new Wayland display server.

I faced issues with screen recording tool and apps that depend on geolocation such as RedShift. And for this reason, I switched to Xorg from Wayland. It won’t change anything from the end user’s point of view, so you can be sure that switching to Xorg won’t harm your system.

To switch to Xorg from Wayland, log out of your system, at the login screen, click the gear icon and select Ubuntu on Xorg option:

Switch to xorg display server from Wayland

You can switch to Wayland in the same way,

What do you do after installing Ubuntu?

That was my suggestions for getting started with Ubuntu. Now it’s your turn. What steps do you recommend as Co dělat po instalaci Ubuntu 17.10? The comment section is all yours.

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