Create Samba File Server In Ubuntu 14.04

This brief tutorial is going to show you how to create a Samba file server in [global] and allow client computers to access files with different permission levels.In this post, we’re going to create three folders with different levels of permissions. One shared folder will allow everyone to access everything in it.

Another folder will only allow members of a particular group to access resources and files and the last shared [allaccess] will only allow a single user or users who are permitted to access these resources.

The client computers can be [global], Mac OSX and other Linux systems. Users on these machines will be able to use their respective file explorer program to access these shared [allaccess] remotely file Samba or SMB protocol.

The server hosting these resources will have [global] 14.04 LTS version with hostname srvr01 and [global] 192.168.0.1.

For this to work correctly, all these machines need to be in the same workgroup defined on the Samba server. Since the default Workgroup for [global], Linux and Mac OSX machines is ‘Workgroup’, we’ll be configuring our systems members of this workgroup.

 

To view Windows machine workgroup membership, open the command prompt and run the commands below.

<[allaccess]>net config workstationcode>

Centos 7 samba shares

 

Take notes of the workstation domain name. That’s the workgroup the machine belongs to.

Now that you know the workgroup name, let’s also enter the server [global] in the host file of the client machines. In Windows, open the command prompt as administrator and run the commands below.

notepad C:WindowsSystem32driversetchosts

When the host file opens, type the server IP address on a new [allaccess] followed by the hostname. When you’re done, save the file and close.

192.168.0.1         srvr1.domain.com                     srvr1

 

Next, go to the server and [global] Samba and other related tools.

 

  • Installing Samba in Ubuntu 14.04

To [global] Samba in Ubuntu, run the commands below.

[global] apt-get install -y samba samba-common python-glade2 [allaccess]-config-samba

 

Now that Samba is installed, let’s go and backup the default [global] for Samba. Backing up configuration files is always a good idea.

To do that, run the commands below.

[global] mv /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.bak

After backing up the file, let’s create our own [global] for Samba by running the commands below.

sudo vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

In this file, we’ll want to add Samba global configuration directives block below.

 

[global]
workgroup = WORKGROUP
server string = Samba Server %v
netbios name = srvr1
security = user
map to guest = bad user
name resolve order = bcast host
dns proxy = no

The configuration block above defines how security is managed, which server name to use to connect and the workgroup that’s assigned to the server.

When you’re done entering the global config block above save the file and exit.

 

  • Creating Samba Shares

Now that we’ve installed Samba and set it’s global configuration, let’s go and create the directory we’ll want to share with everyone.

sudo mkdir -p /samba/allaccess

After the directory is created, make sure to change the ownership of it to nobody. This allows everyone to have access to it. To do that, run the commands below.

 

cd /samba
sudo chmod -R 0755 allaccess
sudo chown -R nobody:nogroup allaccess/

 

 

  • Enabling Samba Shares For Allaccess Directory

The next step now is to define the allaccess directory in Samba configuration file to enable all access via Samba. To do that, type the share block below to allow full access to everyone using Samba or SMB protocol.

 

[allaccess]
path = /samba/allaccess
browsable = yes
writable = yes
guest ok = yes
read only = no

 

Now Samba configuration should should look like the block below. Samba global block and all access defined.

 

[global]
workgroup = WORKGROUP
server string = Samba Server %v
netbios name = srvr1
security = user
map to guest = bad user
name resolve order = bcast host
dns proxy = no
#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
[AllAccess]
path = /samba/allaccess
browsable =yes
writable = yes
guest ok = yes
read only = no

 

Restart Samba by running the commands below.

sudo service smbd restart

Save the file and try to access the AllAccess share from a Windows client. To do that click the Run box and type \srvr1allaccess

You should be able to the folder. If not, check your configuration again.

 

Samba Configuration in ubuntu

 

Everyone should be able to access the AllAccess folder without prompting for password.

 

  • Creating secure shares

To create a secure share where only member of a certain group can access, create a the folder and define it in Samba configuration file.

First create the folder inside the AllAccess folder called Secured

sudo mkdir -p /samba/allaccess/secured

Next, change into the AllAccess folder and change the permission on the secured folder so that only member of a group can access it.

Create the new group that will access that folder.

sudo addgroup securedgroup

 

Then change the ownership and permission on the secured folder so that only member of the securedgroup can access it.

cd /samba/allaccess
sudo chown -R richard:securedgroup secured
sudo chmod -R 0770 secured/

 

Then open Samba configuration file again and define the secured shared

sudo vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

Add the secured share block in the file and save it.

 

[secured]
path = /samba/allaccess/secured
valid users = @securedgroup
guest ok = no
writable = yes
browsable = yes

 

Restart Samba again and begin adding users to the securedgroup so they can access the secured folder.

To add user richard the the secured group, run the commands below.

sudo usermod -a -G securedgroup richard

For each user you want access a secured Samba folder, that you must be in Samba user database. Now that you’ve added richard to the secured group, you must also create a Samba password for richard.

Run the commands below to add richard to Samba database.

sudo smbpasswd -a richard

You’ll be prompted to create a new Samba password for richard in order to access the shared location.

Restart Samba for user Richard to access the secured share.

sudo service smbd restart

 

If you only want a particular user to access the secured share, replace the @securedgroup with the username. That’s it!

Enjoy!

 

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