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CentOS and RHEL 7: Install Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP (LAMP) Stack

LAMP is nothing but a software bundle or a platform consisting of Linux operating system, Apache web-server, MySQL database server and PHP (or Perl/Python)scripting language. The LAMP stack is used for building heavy-duty dynamic web sites entirely out of free and open-source software. В този настойнически, I'm going to explain how to Linux, Apache, MySQL/MariaDB (drop in replacement for MySQL), PHP (LAMP) stack On CentOS 7 или RHEL 7.

Assumptions

  • I'm assuming that you've installed basic RHEL 7 or CentOS 7 сървър. Open the Terminal app and type the following command as root user.
  • You must be familiar with the yum command
  • You must know your Server's IP address. Use the following command to find your server's ip address for eth0 interface:

    ifconfig eth0
    ИЛИ
    ip a show eth0
    ИЛИ
    ip addr list eth0 | awk '/inet /{sub(//[0-9]+/,"",$2); print $2}'
    ИЛИ
    ifconfig eth0 | awk '/inet /{print $2}'
    10.41.143.156

  • I'm going to use IP address 10.41.143.156 for testing purpose. Feel free to replace this IP address with your actual private or public IP address.

Enough talk, let's set up LAMP stack.

Стъпка #1: Install Apache on a CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 сървър

Type the following yum command to install Apache web-server:
sudo yum install httpd
Примерни резултати:

Loaded plugins: amazon-id, rhui-lb
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package httpd.x86_64 0:2.4.6-17.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: httpd-инструменти = 2.4.6-17.el7 for package: httpd-2.4.6-17.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: /etc/mime.types for package: httpd-2.4.6-17.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package httpd-tools.x86_64 0:2.4.6-17.el7 will be installed
---> Package mailcap.noarch 0:2.1.41-2.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
======================================================================================================
 Package            Arch          Version               Repository                               Размер
======================================================================================================
Installing:
 httpd              x86_64        2.4.6-17.el7          rhui-REGION-rhel-server-releases        1.2 M
Installing for dependencies:
 httpd-tools        x86_64        2.4.6-17.el7          rhui-REGION-rhel-server-releases         77 k
 mailcap            noarch        2.1.41-2.el7          rhui-REGION-rhel-server-releases         31 k
 
Transaction Резюме
======================================================================================================
Инсталиране  1 Package (+2 Dependent packages)
 
Total download size: 1.3 M
Installed size: 3.9 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
(1/3): httpd-tools-2.4.6-17.el7.x86_64.rpm                                     |  77 kB  00:00:00
(2/3): httpd-2.4.6-17.el7.x86_64.rpm                                           | 1.2 MB  00:00:00
(3/3): mailcap-2.1.41-2.el7.noarch.rpm                                         |  31 kB  00:00:00
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                 2.0 MB/s | 1.3 MB  00:00:00
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : httpd-tools-2.4.6-17.el7.x86_64                                                    1/3
  Installing : mailcap-2.1.41-2.el7.noarch                                                        2/3
  Installing : httpd-2.4.6-17.el7.x86_64                                                          3/3
  Verifying  : mailcap-2.1.41-2.el7.noarch                                                        1/3
  Verifying  : httpd-tools-2.4.6-17.el7.x86_64                                                    2/3
  Verifying  : httpd-2.4.6-17.el7.x86_64                                                          3/3
 
Installed:
  httpd.x86_64 0:2.4.6-17.el7
 
Dependency Installed:
  httpd-tools.x86_64 0:2.4.6-17.el7                   mailcap.noarch 0:2.1.41-2.el7
 
Complete!

Enable the httpd service at boot time

To make sure the httpd service start automatically at the boot time, въведете:
sudo systemctl enable httpd.service
Примерни резултати:

ln -s '/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service' '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service'

The following command will disable the httpd service at the boot time:
sudo systemctl disable httpd.service
Примерни резултати:

rm '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service'

Start the httpd service on a CentOS/RHEL v7.x

sudo systemctl start httpd.service
At this stage, you can point your web-browser to your server's IP address such as http://10.41.143.156). The following page should display on screen:

Fig.01: Check if Apache is Running on CentOS/RHEL 7 сървър

 

Stop the httpd service on a CentOS/RHEL v7.x

sudo systemctl stop httpd.service

Restart the httpd service on a CentOS/RHEL v7.x

sudo systemctl restart httpd.service

Finding the httpd service status on a CentOS/RHEL v7.x

To verify that the httpd service is running, въведете:
systemctl is-active httpd.service
Примерни резултати:

active

Gracefully restart the httpd service on a CentOS/RHEL v7.x

sudo apachectl graceful

Test httpd/Apache configuration file for errors on a CentOS/RHEL v7.x

sudo apachectl configtest
Примерни резултати:

Syntax OK

httpd service default configuration

  1. Default config file: /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
  2. Configuration files which load modules : /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/ directory (e.g. PHP)
  3. Select MPMs (Processing Model) as loadable modules [worker, prefork (default)] and event: /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-mpm.conf
  4. Default ports: 80 and 443 (SSL)
  5. Default log files: /var/log/httpd/{access_log,error_log}

Стъпка #2: Install MariaDB on a CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 сървър

MariaDB An enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL server. RHEL/CentOS v7.x shifts from MySQL to MariaDB for its database management system needs. Type the following yum command to install MariaDB server:
sudo yum install mariadb-server mariadb
To start mariadb, тип:
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
To make sure the mariadb service start automatically at the boot time, въведете:
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service
Примерни резултати:

ln -s '/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service' '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service'

To stop/restart and disable mariadb service use the following commands:

sudo systemctl stop mariadb.service #<-- Stop mariadb server
sudo systemctl restart mariadb.service #<-- Restart mariadb server
sudo systemctl disable mariadb.service #<-- Disable mariadb server
sudo systemctl is-active mariadb.service   #<-- Is mariadb server running?

Securing MariaDB

Type the following command:
sudo /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
Примерни резултати:

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.
Въведете текущата парола за корен (въведете за никой): PRESS-ENTER-KEY
OK, успешно се използва парола, moving on...
Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.
Set root password? [Y/n] Y
New password: YOUR-NEW-PASSWORD-HERE
Въведете отново новата парола: YOUR-NEW-PASSWORD-HERE
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!
By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
 ... Success!
Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
 ... Success!
By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Успех!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!
Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y
 ... Success!
Cleaning up...
All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.
Благодаря за използване на MariaDB!

Test MariaDB installation

Type the following command
mysql -u root -p
Примерни резултати:

Fig.02: Mariadb test connection on a CentOS / RHEL Linux v7.x

 

Стъпка #3: Install PHP on a CentOS/RHEL v7.x

To install PHP and modules such as gd/msyql type the following yum command:
sudo yum install php php-mysql php-gd php-pear
You must restart the httpd (Apache) service, въведете:
sudo systemctl restart httpd.service
To search all other php modules, тип:
sudo yum search php-
Примерни резултати:

php-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP
php-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP
php-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library
php-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP
php-mysql.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases
php-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases
php-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications
php-pear.noarch : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework
php-pecl-memcache.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon
php-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP
php-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces
php-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library
php-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol
php-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML
php-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol

To find more info about a module type:
sudo yum info php-pgsql
To install php module called php-pgsql type:
sudo yum install php-pgsql

Test PHP on your server

Create a file called /var/www/html/test.php as follows:
sudo vi /var/www/html/test.php
Append the following code:

 
<?php
   phpinfo(INFO_GENERAL);
?>

Запишете и затворете файла. Point your web-browser to your server's IP address such as http://10.41.143.156/test.php (feel free to replace the 10.41.143.156 with your actual IP address):

http://10.41.143.156/test.php

Примерни резултати:

Fig.03: Test Apache+PHP with phpinfo() On a CentOS/RHEL v7.x server

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