Web Content Management System is server based website building and managing software available for free or paid. WCMSs are generally developed in server side web programming languages like PHP, Aspx, Pearl, CGI, Python, Java and many others. Currently there are hundreds of content management systems available on internet. WCMSs are generally created by group of volunteers like WordPress or Joomla. Here we have arranged a list of top 10 most popular free web content management systems.
MODX also known as MODx is a free open source content management system written in PHP. Raymond Irving and Ryan Thrash are the main developers of MODX. You can run MODX on any Linux or Windows server which support PHP 5 or later.
DotNetNuke is open source community based content management system written in Microsoft .NET developed by DotNetNuke Corporation. Over 750,000 websites developed in DotNetNuke as claimed by DotNetNuke Corporation and according to OpenSourceCMS Website total websites built in DotNetNuke is 32,430. The most friendliness of DotNetNuke is that it is availble on almost all windows operating systems including Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows 8.1, Windows XP, Windows Server 2000, Windows 2008 and Windows 2008 R2.
TYPO3 is open source free Web content management system availble under GNU General Public License. TYPO3 was released on 1998. Author of TYPO3 is Kasper Skårhøj. TYPO3 is available in 51 web programming languages. Like all other Web CMSs TYPO3 consist of two views, front view (visitor view) and admin portion. Over 6130 extensions available on TYPO3 official website developed by community of TYPO3 Developers. In total 102,440 websites using TYPO3 as their CMS which is 2% of all websites using any CMS.
Drupal is also free Open Source Web Content Management System availble under General Public License (GNU). Drupal was initially released in January 2001 written by Dries Buytaert a Linux W-Lan worker. Over 359,068 websites are currently using Drupal which is the 8% of all WCMS using websites in the world in 2014. Current version is Drupal 8 which requires PHP 5.4 or higher, MySQL 5.0.15/MariaDB/Percona/equivalent or higher with PDO and an InnoDB-compatible primary storage engine, PostgreSQL 8.3 or higher with PDO, SQLite 3.3.7 or higher. Currently 27,154 Modules and 2,017 Themes available for free developed by Drupal Community.
Joomla is freely open-source PHP based Web Content Management System uses Object Oriented Programming (OOP) technique. Currently 16% (total number of websites using Joomla is 770,583) of all websites built in WCMSs are using Joomla. Joomla was initially released on 17th August 2005. Latest stable release of Joomla is 2.5.0 (recommended) released on April 30, 2014. However preview version available for download is 3.3. Joomla is available under GNU General Public License. Total number of extension available for Joomla developed by Joomla community is 8203. Thousands of free themes for Joomla is also available. Server Requirement of Joomla is PHP Version 5.3.10, MySQL 5.1, Apache 2.x.
WordPress is world’s most popular CMS based on PHP available for free to download at WordPress official Website. Current version of WordPress available is 3.9.1. More than 32,053 plug-ins and 2606 themes available for free to download. Server requirements for WordPress is PHP version 5.2.4 or greater, MySQL 5.0 or greater and “mod_rewrite Apache module” should enabled. According to latest web statistics WordPress has the share of 63% in WCMSs World. More than 2,981,582 websites are currently using WordPress and continuously increasing day by day.